Skip to main content

How to correctly size dog boots to keep them protected this winter

Ice, snow, hot asphalt, rocky hiking trails — the pads on your dog’s feet sure take a beating. And although nature designed them to be tough, they aren’t bulletproof. Cuts, tears, and abrasions, along with dry and cracked paw pads, are common dog paw problems that can lead to costly veterinary care on top of your pet’s pain and suffering.

Fortunately, thanks to today’s pet-accessory manufacturers, you can protect your dog’s paws from the elements and rugged outdoor adventures with dog boots made for his specific needs. If your dog’s paws need a little extra protection, try this handy guide to make sure the boots you purchase for him fit perfectly.

tan and white pup wearing pink boots
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Why can’t dogs walk in shoes?

Anyone who’s witnessed a dog’s first attempts at walking in boots has probably had a good chuckle or two. It’s not that a dog can’t walk in shoes — they can –it’s simply that they are accustomed to feeling the ground through the pads of their paws. Wearing boots, especially for the first few times, often makes a dog feel as though something is stuck on their paw. The comical, exaggerated gait they display at first is their instinctual way of trying to shake it off.

Here’s the good news: most dogs will acclimate to their new gear quickly, so don’t let your dog’s bewildered reaction keep you from buying protection for his paws.

Determine why your dog needs boots

As you might imagine, there are a variety of styles to choose from. The perfect style for your pet is directly related to why you need them. Are you an avid hiker who likes to take his pup along on rocky, cactus-lined trails? Or do you and your pup like to play in the snow instead? Perhaps you simply enjoy a daily walk around the neighborhood in a climate that’s extremely hot or wet?

Regardless, search for boots made from waterproof material with a textured grip, adjustable hook-and-loop closures, and a flexible sole so your dog can walk naturally. Then, you can opt for fashionable, functional, or budget-friendly styles, depending on the features you want.

How to keep dog boots from falling off

A well-fitting boot is much less likely to fall off, and the best way to find the right fit is to take your dog to the local pet store to try on a few styles. If that isn’t an option for you, try ordering online. Make sure you measure your dog’s paws carefully and place your order according to the manufacturer’s size guide.

  • Measure the circumference at the widest part of your dog’s paw with a fabric tape measure. This measurement indicates the width of your dog’s paw.
  • Measure the length of your dog’s paw, starting at the tip of his toes to where you want the top of the boot to rest on your dog’s leg. A bit of advice: Although knee boots are fashionable, boots that cover your dog’s dewclaw can cause inflammation, which may cause limping, bleeding, swelling or excessive licking.

Always follow the manufacturer’s measurement guidelines when ordering and, when in doubt, order the next largest size. Dog boots that are too small can cause blisters and impede circulation. And be patient. Like human feet, not all dog paws are the same size and shape. If you don’t find a good fit the first time around, keep looking. With a large number of dog boots available on the market today, you’re sure to find a set that fits your dog perfectly.

golden retriever green umbrella black boots
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Before you head out the door

Dogs aren’t accustomed to wearing apparel on their feet, so you’ll want to take some time to get them used to the feeling before you head out the door.

  • If possible, have your dog stand while you put the boots on. To make it easy, start with the front paws. Lay both boots on the ground close to you so you can reach them easily. Then, facing forward, straddle your dog, lift one paw, and gently put it into the nearest boot. Place your dog’s paw firmly on the floor so you can get the best fit before you adjust the strap firmly (but not too tightly). Repeat the process on the other front paw, then let your dog walk around for a few minutes.
  • When he’s comfortable, place the remaining booties near his back paws and straddle him facing backward. Gently place one paw into a boot as you did before, making sure he is standing flat on the floor before you tighten the strap.
  • If your dog is small, you might want to place him on a table or countertop instead.
  • Let him walk around inside for a few minutes; engage him in play with his favorite toy. Tip: Get the camera ready. Those first few steps will probably be laugh-out-loud funny.
  • Start with a short walk around the neighborhood before you set out on a long trek. This will give him time to get used to the feel of the boots on his feet as you monitor the way they fit.

Dog boots are a great way to protect your dog’s paws from snow and ice, harsh terrain, and the chemicals used to treat roads and sidewalks throughout the year. Remember, your dog sweats through glands on his paws, so limit the amount of time he wears them in hot weather. And look for signs of rubbing or blisters that might indicate an adjustment is necessary after each use.

Marilyn Monroe once said, “Give a girl the right shoes, and she can conquer the world.” We’re not promising world domination, but we’re fairly confident the right boot will help make your little corner a lot more fun to play in for all concerned.

Editors' Recommendations

Debbie Clason
Former Digital Trends Contributor
Debbie Clason's work has appeared in Family Life Magazine, Sports Illustrated, The Lutheran Witness, Massage Magazine…
How hot does concrete get in the sun? The answer might shock you
a boston terrier wearing booties lies on a blue plaid blanket

As much as dogs love going for a walk, standing on concrete during the summer can make it unbearable. It’s easy to overlook this painful detail since you’re probably used to wearing shoes, but this is why investing in dog paw heat protection is more than important for your pup’s well-being — it’s essential.
Simple accessories like dog paw nonslip booties can protect your fur baby's feet from the heat, but they’ll no doubt take some getting used to. There are many products you can consider for your pup, but nothing beats moving your walk to the beginning or end of the day. The air and the pavement will both be less scalding — which will benefit you, too!

Why you should protect your dog’s paws
Do you know how hot concrete can get? In an informational video from the VCA, Dr. Sarah Hoggan measures the temperature of different surfaces on a 92-degree (Fahrenheit) day:

Read more
Here’s how to treat a dog with itchy paws, starting with finding the cause of paw discomfort
Causes and solutions for dog paw infections
Husky dog mix licks paw

Whether you're a person or a pup, itching can be distracting, uncomfortable, and downright annoying. That's why it’s easy to relate to your dog's frustration when dealing with itchy paws. Narrowing down what’s causing dog paw infections and itches can be tricky from observation alone, so it may take some trial and error before you find some relief for your buddy. Once you do, though, you’ll be so glad!
Don’t be afraid to call your local veterinarian if you’re having trouble figuring out what’s behind your pup’s paw irritation. They’ll get to the root of the problem before you know it and have plenty of suggestions to get you started. Until then, here’s what you’ll want to know about dogs with itchy paws.

Causes of dogs with itchy paws, from allergies to infections and more
Though itching, licking, and biting are all symptoms of skin discomfort, it’s not always easy to tell what’s going on. Here, we’ll break down a few of the main causes of paw irritation so you can help figure out what’s up with your best bud.

Read more
What is the best food for older dogs? These 6 vet-approved kibbles and canned foods won’t steer you wrong
Try these veterinarian-approved dog food products for your senior dog
Senior golden retriever and Chihuahua sitting in front of food bowls

As your dog gets older, you'll need to make some changes to your home and routine to keep them feeling their best. That includes changing their dog food, too!
Although the best food for older dogs varies depending on your buddy's health, size, and specific needs, there are several guidelines you can follow to help you find a product that does the trick. Of course, your local veterinarian will be your most knowledgeable resource, especially if they have a long history with your pet. They can also recommend and approve a prescription diet for your dog, giving you even more brands, flavors, and nutrients at your disposal. And since nutrition greatly impacts overall health, investing in high-quality food is paramount.
We did some research since it can be tricky to know which kibbles and canned foods make a veterinarian's approved list. Here’s what we found, including a selection of six vet-recommended dog foods you can try with your senior dog.

What's the best food for older dogs? Here are six options and what makes them so good
Though your senior dog may be as energetic as ever, their body will need a different diet as they age. Banfield Pet Hospital’s Dr. KT Boyle, DVM, told NBC News that because older pets have particular nutritional needs, you’ll need to think about a few different factors when choosing their food.
Older dogs need fewer calories and more supplementation than younger pups, for example. This reduced caloric need is because of the way an animal's metabolism slows as they age, though the exact supplements they need depend on the individual. To find out exactly what will benefit them, have a conversation with your veterinarian. It's that easy!
Dr. Boyle notes that even though senior dog foods contain many helpful nutrients — like glucosamine and fatty acids for joint health — you might need to add supplement drops or chews to your pet’s diet. Luckily, there are many to choose from and many ways to get them.
When it comes to wet versus dry food, though, there can be benefits to both. Dogs with dental issues may find wet food easier to eat, but the texture in kibble can help fight plaque and tartar buildup on your pup’s teeth. The pet nutrition pros at Pedigree remind owners that there is no one right answer. When in doubt, ask your vet!
That being said, there are a few senior dog foods that Dr. Boyle recommends over others. These include:

Read more