How to dispose of used cat litter

Talk to any cat owner, and they’ll tell you their least favorite part of the job is cleaning the litter box. Nobody likes scooping out waste, but it’s a necessity (especially if you don’t want to be cleaning pee out of your favorite shoes). But once the chore is done, what do you do with it? Keep reading to learn how to get rid of used cat litter safely.

Throw it out

The best way to get rid of old litter is simply to throw it out. You must scoop the litter box at least once a day to remove large clumps of urine and other waste. Scoop the waste into a small trash bag and tie it off to prevent odors or spillage. Make sure to use durable trash bags, as litter can become quite heavy. Then, place the bag in an outdoor trash can with a tight lid.

Don’t scoop the litter directly into your trash can and allow it to sit in your home. This can quickly become smelly and create an unpleasant atmosphere for you and your guests. Plus, every time you open the trash can, cat litter dust and feces particles can enter the air and cause health issues. Also, you should never dump your litter outside or try to burn it.

Is litter compostable?

While clay is the most common litter material, there are many types of litter on the market that are made of different materials. You can now find cat litter made from corn, walnut, newspaper, wheat, wood shavings, and more. While many of these materials are biodegradable, composting them may not be the best idea.

Cat feces contains a lot of bacteria, many that are even worse than E. coli. Many cats are infected by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. The parasite is shed in their stool and can easily infect other humans and animals in the environment. Toxoplasmosis does not typically cause symptoms in healthy adults, but for pregnant women, it can lead to complications to the fetus. For this reason, you don’t want cat litter anywhere near your compost, especially if you plan to use it to grow food. If you only use your compost in flower gardens, it may be safe to compost cat litter, but many feel it’s not worth the risk.

Can you flush cat litter?

Cat in white litter boxClay cat litter should never be flushed, as it can damage your plumbing. This is especially true for clumping clay litter, which can form serious blockages in your pipes. But what about other materials? While some biodegradable litters are marketed as being flushable, they can still impair your plumbing and worse.

Flushing cat litter is dangerous for the same reason that composting it is: Toxoplasma gondii. Modern waste treatment plants are not designed to filter out the eggs of the Toxoplasma gondii and other intestinal parasites often found in cats. As such, they can stay in the water supply and harm all those they come in contact with. In fact, T. gondii has recently been linked to illness and death in California’s population of sea otters. To protect the otters, California has even passed a law requiring all litter sold in the state to come with a warning against flushing it or dumping it outside near storm drains and gutters.

How to go green

Many cat owners are concerned with lowering their environmental impact. But if you can’t compost or flush your litter, what can you do? Here are a few ways you can be eco-friendlier when dealing with cat litter.

Using biodegradable litter can still help reduce your carbon footprint, even if you can’t compost or flush it. Paper- and corn-based litters still break down faster than clay litters, which are not biodegradable. Clay cat litters are also produced by strip-mining. If your cat will only use clay litter, use a clumping type as this creates less waste. You can also use biodegradable poop bags or paper bags to clean out the box instead of plastic bags. Lastly, you can help the environment by keeping your cat indoors. This will prevent them from spreading T. gondii in your neighborhood and protect the native wildlife.

When it comes to getting rid of old cat litter, it’s best to keep it simple: Throw it away. Composting or flushing it can cause more harm than good. By scooping it out regularly and disposing of it properly, you can keep your home clean and your kitty happy.

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