Skip to main content

PawTracks may earn a commission when you buy through links on our site.

Can snakes hear? The answer might surprise you

Can snakes hear? Pet owners and reptile enthusiasts have asked this for a long time. It’s been thought that these slithering creatures don’t hear anything at all, in part because they don’t seem to have ears and don’t respond to noise the way humans do. But that doesn’t mean they have no ability to recognize sounds. Instead, they hear and feel differently than us in a few key ways. This will be important to know so you can understand how your snake experiences the world around you and how she senses the things you do. 

Snake lies on a log and peers at the ground

Do snakes have ears?

You’ll notice that while your snake doesn’t have ear flaps, she does still have two holes in her head just behind the eyes. Inside is a partial ear that allows her to register at least some sounds. However, she doesn’t have eardrums, just bones that resonate and send information to her brain. That has a distinct impact on which noises she will pick up—very different ones than you’d recognize as a mammal with much more developed ears. 

How do snakes hear?

Our outer ears help direct noise, and you’ll see this in action if you watch your dog perk up or rotate their ears to better hear something. Your snake lacks this ability, so she needs to rely on other ways to pick up audio cues. In fact, snakes don’t so much hear sound, but they feel it through vibrations. The lower jaw helps the snake receive these waves, and by placing her head on the ground, she can determine the direction of the waves. Therefore, snakes detect soundwaves that move through a solid material rather than the air (though recent research indicates they do hear a little bit through the air as well, just like mammals). Experts believe that detecting vibrations helps snakes catch prey by feeling where it’s moving.

This knowledge can help you too if you stumble across a snake in the wild. Despite their fearsome reputation, snakes are naturally fearful creatures. If you’re worried about encountering a snake in the woods or another area where it might be unwelcome, make plenty of noise, especially with your feet or by tapping a walking stick against the ground. This will often scare away any snakes who might be hiding out nearby, as they’ll most likely recognize the vibrations as coming from something far larger than they want to mess with. 

What do snakes hear?

Because they have the inner ear bones only (for the most part), snakes respond to a small range of low frequencies. Keep this in mind when you want to find something that your pet will react to. As opposed to humans and other mammals, snakes almost never use vocalizations to communicate with other snakes. For snakes, hissing is meant for creatures that recognize those higher pitches, like us. That’s right: it’s likely that they evolved to hiss at mammals more than at each other. Luckily, part of the range that they perceive probably includes your voice, which is why some pet owners swear their snake looks up when they’re speaking. She probably can feel you calling her name, even if she doesn’t truly “hear” it!

Woman holds her snake up to her face

Why can’t snakes hear well?

Mostly because they don’t need to have good hearing. Since they don’t communicate extensively through vocalizations (like humans and birds do), they don’t need to have good ears. Hearing also isn’t the only sense they lack: snakes also have really bad eyesight. Instead, their sense of smell is what allows them to be formidable hunters. Ever wonder why your snake noiselessly flicks her tongue a lot? She’s grabbing air molecules and returning them to the roof of her mouth to “smell” them and detect prey or predators. 

So don’t go thinking that your snake completely lacks the ability to hear anything.  She can pick up some noise, but she mostly interprets vibrations. If you want to communicate with your pet, though, you may need to think outside the box a bit. While she might respond to the sound of your voice, you can’t train a snake to react to words like you would with a dog or other mammalian pet. Try gently tapping on the ground around her so that she “hears” you when you talk to her. And as always, feel free to tell her she’s a good girl; even if she doesn’t understand, you will. 

Editors' Recommendations

Rebekkah Adams
Rebekkah’s been a writer and editor for more than 10 years, both in print and digital. In addition to writing about pets…
Why do birds bob their heads? The answer is pretty complex
Birds bob their heads for a very interesting reason. Here's what to know
Two parrots tilt their heads to see better

Birds are some of the most popular pets for many reasons: They're funny, smart, and pretty. But they also intrigue us because they do a few cool things that us mammals don't. One well-known trait is the iconic head bob, which might make you instantly reach for your camera every time you see it. It's certainly worth watching, but what does it mean? There's actually a very scientific — albeit somewhat complex — reason behind this.

So, why do birds bob their heads? Basically, they do this to see better, but it's a little more complicated than that. 

Read more
How to tell if your guinea pig loves you – some ways may surprise you
These are the signs your guinea pig loves you as much as you love him
A happy guinea pig hangs out in the grass

We know how much we love our pets. The question is if they love us, too. It can be tricky to tell how animals feel since they can't tell us about their moods. But that doesn't mean we can't ever figure out what's in the minds of our furry friends.

Guinea pigs in particular make a lot of interesting noises and show postures that help us decipher their thoughts and feelings. By paying close attention to your little guy and learning a bit about how he thinks, you can get a pretty good sense of his inner goings-on. And you won't have to watch very long to confirm that your guinea pig loves you.

Read more
Are bubbles in a fish tank a problem? They just might be
5 reasons bubbles in a fish tank might be there (and what to do)
Fish tank with healthy bubbles coming out of filter

You're always going to see some bubbles in an aquarium. Most likely, the filter produces a continuous stream, and that's a good thing! It means the system works. But some bubbles may reveal underlying problems with your water or with your inhabitants. So, why are there bubbles in your fish tank, and how do you know if those little oxygen sacks indicate an issue or a healthy ecosystem? Here's how to tell where they're coming from and figure out what to do about it.

Why are there bubbles on plants?
As mentioned, your bubbles are often totally normal as part of a healthy tank that continues to cycle through water. This will especially hold true if you have live plants, which produce oxygen naturally and sometimes hold on to it in the form of bubbles. Of course, those eventually dissipate, at which point the gas inside seeps into the water. That's good! Fish need to breathe just like the rest of us and do so through their gills by pulling oxygen from the water in the tank. 

Read more