How to properly clean your pet rabbit

Rabbits are interesting pets, but many proud owners are initially confused about their grooming, bathing, and cleaning habits. These cuddly creatures display some strange behaviors, so naturally, their grooming methods are a little different than cats or dogs. We’ll dive into the details of how to properly clean your pet rabbit from bathing their bodies and brushing their fur to keeping them spotless overall.

Brown rabbit held by owner
Africa Studio/

Do rabbits clean themselves?

Like feline pets, rabbits groom themselves with their tongues. They’ll first lick their paws and use these spit-slick “brushes” to clean other body parts. This helps get rid of shedding fur, dirt, and other surface-level messes. Sounds inefficient? Don’t worry — rabbits have been using this method since the dawn of time, and frankly, it’s simple but it works.

Moreover, rabbits clean themselves constantly. Like, all day constantly. For the most part, your rabbit can handle cleaning themselves unless they’re not feeling good. In this case, a visit to the vet might be the answer — which brings us to our next point.

Is it safe to bathe my pet rabbit?

The short answer is no, it’s not safe to bathe your pet rabbit in a tub full of water. If your rabbit has stopped grooming themselves, don’t resort to a bubble bath, no matter how warm the water feels. In general, the risks that come with bathing a bunny far outweigh the possible benefits. For instance, rabbits may feel unsafe and end up panicking in the water, which can result in myriad stressful injuries for you and your pet (via Rabbit Welfare UK). Bathing-related stress has even been linked to the death of a few pets. Additionally, their fur is notoriously hard to dry, so your pet may be vulnerable to hypothermia or respiratory illnesses if left wet, or even damp.

Still, there are a few instances when your vet may recommend that you wash your rabbit — typically if your bunny has an especially dirty behind! Most likely, a spot wash is all you’ll need, though your vet can provide a prescription shampoo for particularly sensitive areas. Always ask your vet for a shampoo recommendation for your rabbit, as even other pet shampoos are not necessarily bunny-safe (via

Spot cleaning your bunny: A safer option

Spot cleaning lets you clean your rabbit without exposing him to the dangers of a bath. When you do this, you’re cleaning only part of his body, eliminating the risk for both hypothermia and shock-related symptoms. To spot-clean your rabbit’s leg, for example, you could dunk just his leg into room-temperature water, rub in vet-approved shampoo, then rinse the leg with the aid of a small dish (via Omlet). No running water, please! It could be too loud and powerful for a lot of rabbits.

For a messy bottom, a damp towel should do the trick. You can sit your bunny in a small tub for washing, but remember to empty the water regularly, as rabbits may panic if sitting in too much water. This may also make his bum even harder to dry later on, so think ahead before “bath” time. Perhaps you can use the bathtub to avoid this, or even improvise! Drilling a few holes into the bottom of that small plastic tub should allow enough drainage for your bunny to stay comfy.

How do I get rid of my pet rabbit’s smell?

If the smell hasn’t gone away by applying baby cornstarch powder (scented or not), use some pet towelettes to refresh areas. Pet-safe towelettes prevent sensitivity from potentially harmful ingredients. If the smell isn’t letting up, you might need to clean their cage to remove any yucky odors that are sticking to your pet rabbit.

Is a clean cage still not the answer? Your pet rabbit might need their scent glands cleaned. Two of these glands are located around their bottom and release some undesirable odors when not properly discharged. Use a cotton swab dipped in warm water to clean the glands around your rabbit’s private area. The excretion is typically brown and easy to spot.

This simple hygiene routine should significantly reduce any unpleasant smells.

How do I groom my pet rabbit?

The average pet rabbit molts two to three times a year. During this phase, they’ll shed tons of fur. In an attempt to speed up the process and to keep themselves clean, rabbits might groom themselves even more during this molting. Brush their fur at least once a week even if they’re not molting. Even on a regular day, your rabbit will lose significant amounts of hair.

Brushing will prevent any dangerously large hairballs from forming in their stomachs, and it will help the molting process go more smoothly. On the other hand, long-haired rabbits need haircuts and trims to keep their beautiful coat healthy. Again, this also reduces hairballs in their stomachs.

How do I trim my pet rabbit’s nails?

Pet rabbits need nail trims to keep them from getting too long and hurting themselves, you, or other pets. Purchase a rabbit-specific nail trimmer for this task. Check your rabbit’s nails regularly and trim them about once a month or whenever necessary.

Declawing is not recommended for rabbits because they use their nails for moving around properly. If you’re nervous about trimming your rabbit’s nails, ask a professional groomer or your vet to demonstrate it a few times until you feel comfortable. They’ll show you great tips like how to hold your pet correctly during the task.

How else can I properly clean my pet rabbit and keep them that way?

Rabbit sitting in its cage
Valeriy Surujiu/

Other body parts to keep clean are your rabbit’s ears, eyes, and teeth. Use a cotton swab to wipe away ear wax and apply a gentle cleaner if necessary. For sleep in your rabbit’s eyes, use a cloth or tissue to wipe it away. Medicated drops might be necessary for some conditions, but always double check with a vet. Lastly, give your rabbit enough treats like boards and twigs to keep their teeth a healthy size. These chew toys wear down your pet’s teeth, which is super important since their teeth grow continuously! Repeat these tasks regularly, and your pet rabbit should stay thoroughly clean.

Your pet rabbit is a delicate creature that needs your full care and attention. Luckily, we’ve reviewed some essential grooming routines like brushing their fur, giving them dry baths, and trimming their nails to keep them properly clean. One last thing we’ll repeat is to keep their cages and/or sleeping areas clean. Fresh, pellet-free bedding always makes for a cleaner, happier rabbit.

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