Skip to main content

8 essential tips for disciplining cats

8 Easy and effective tips for training your cat

Cat touching a person's hand with paw
Jonas Vincent / Unsplash

Cats may be one of the most popular pets worldwide, but even they have reputations (mostly with non-cat people). Felines are known for indifference, sass, and even attitude. Cartoons, comics, and movies portray them as impossible to reason with, but if you ask a cat owner, they’ll assure you cat discipline exists. Here’s the catch: you need to know how to discipline your cat — safely and properly — for that training to stick. With these seven simple tips and tricks, though, you’ll be on your way to perfect feline behavior.

Two kittens on wooden shelves
Steve Tsang / Unsplash

Rule out medical concerns as a cause for misbehavior

Surprising as it sounds, the source of a lot of cat misbehavior has roots in medical conditions. Cats may stop using the litter box, demonstrate new aggression, or start hiding in unexpected places — all from changes inside their body. So, before you start wondering how to punish your cat, make an appointment with your veterinarian. You may find a medical cause for the behavior. If not, you’ll get peace of mind and can move on to further tips on cat discipline.

Ensure you supply scratching posts to ensure proper cat discipline
Daga Raszowska / Pixabay

Training cats looks different from training dogs

Dog training is extremely normalized, but it can be a bit tricky to find resources for training a cat away from unwanted behaviors. After all, this requires different methods and techniques! Dogs learn to recognize vocal commands and hand signals. Cats? They’re not the biggest fans of those methods.

That isn’t to say you can’t clicker train cats because you can. However, your cat isn’t likely to care for clicking sounds or changes in your tone of voice. Cat discipline is a little trickier — and it requires a deeper level of patience. Deep breath–you can do this!

Hand feeding a cat a treat while the cat puts its paw on the hand
Andriy Blokhin / Adobe Stock

Environmental problems are the root of many behavior concerns

People get frustrated with scratched furniture, cats climbing the curtains, and accidents outside of the litter box. They clamor to know how to punish the cat. What is the real secret behind most cat misbehavior, though? It’s problems in the house! That’s why you should ask yourself:

  • Does the litter box get cleaned regularly?
  • Is the litter — or box — the type your cat prefers?
  • Are there enough scratching posts?
  • Do you have cat trees to provide elevated climbing places?
  • Are you playing with your cat frequently enough?
  • Are there any new changes in the home, like a new family member or a recent loss?

Cat discipline goes out the window if the house isn’t set up to cater to feline needs. This is why one swap in your daily routine could change everything about your cat’s behavior.

Man feeding cat a treat
Elizabeth Livermore / Getty Images

Keep training sessions short and straightforward

Once you’ve identified the behaviors of your kitty you’d like to improve or eliminate, you may decide to try more intentional training. Eliminating unwanted behaviors is better solved with withdrawal and redirection (more on that below), but encouraging new, positive behaviors can be done through training. Even though the specifics of your feline’s training depend on what you’re hoping to teach your cat, there are a few things to keep in mind no matter what.

Firstly, keep your training sessions short. Cats are more likely to lose interest or become frustrated when practicing the same thing for a long time, so aim for a three to five-minute window of time. You can always add a second (and, later on, a third) session per day, according to the cat trainer and Associate Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist behind Cat School, so be sure to end each session swiftly and on a positive note.

Additionally, keep training sessions straightforward by eliminating any nearby distractions, like food bowls or other animals, and starting with something easy. You should always work your way up to more challenging tasks gradually so as not to frustrate your feline.

A striped cat hisses angrily at the camera
Aleksandr Nadyojin / Pexels

A technique called ‘withdraw and redirect’ is more effective than punishment

Even though cat training and dog obedience training are vastly different, there is one thing they have in common: punishment is a no-no! Not only is punishing your pet ineffective at changing their behavior, but it can also break the trust in your relationship. Instead, focus on positive reinforcement with wanted behaviors and changing negative behaviors without punishment. One of the simplest ways to change your cat’s behavior over time is to withdraw or redirect their attention.

When playing with your kitten, do they latch on with their claws or bite? If so, this is because young kittens mock-attack their mothers and siblings. But here’s where it differs: Mom corrects them with a hiss or a nip. You can’t do the same, but you can mimic that cat’s discipline by reacting to the bite with a loud “ow,” stopping engagement, and walking away. Your kitten’s brain will realize something went wrong, and they’ll start to get the message. Remember, this will take time and repetition!

Are you looking for ways to stop cats from scratching furniture? Instead of yelling (something that never works), gently move them to their approved scratcher. Sprinkling catnip over the scratcher will increase their interest. That kitty brain will get the idea pretty quickly. This will be most effective if you’re able to interrupt their scratching in action, even if you have to do it over and over again for them to understand.

Bengal cat peering around a row of potted plants
Irena Kukus / Pixabay

Praise and rewards are motivating to most cats

No one likes to punish their cat. Inappropriate punishment can lead to anxiety, fear, avoidance of you, or even worse behaviors. Instead of focusing on cat discipline, aim to reward your cat’s good behaviors. Utilize treats during cat training, as they make an effective motivation. Keep them on hand for when you see your feline family member doing the things you want:

  • Playing nicely with their toys
  • Using the litter box
  • Scratching their cardboard scratcher
  • Napping on the cat tree

As your cat realizes those “normal” activities yield praise and treats, they’ll repeat them. (After all, who doesn’t like snacks and cheers?)

If you’d like to learn more about your kitten or need a guide on how often should kittens be fed, we’ve got you covered.

A black kitten eats a houseplant
Manki Kim / Unsplash

Outsmarting the feline brain

Sometimes, you need to think smarter than your cat. It’s a subtle way to redirect your cat and encourage them away from destructive behavior.

For instance, for that cat who believes the couch is a scratching post? Drape a loose blanket over the arm of the sofa. The fabric will fall each time they try to sharpen their claws, creating a subtle form of cat discipline. Foiling the behavior will make it less desirable, which can drive them to the sturdy, reliable scratching post.

Is your cat a counter-jumper? Place double-sided tape on the counter where your cat’s feet land. The tape’s harmless, but cats hate the sticky sensation on their paws. Your cat learns to avoid the area — especially if you provide a cat-safe place for them to climb as an alternative.

Cat sits on a couch meowing
New Africa / Shutterstock

Admit when you need help

There’s no shame in admitting you’re in over your head. If you’ve checked every other box in setting up cat discipline and nothing’s working, it’s time to seek outside assistance. Professional cat trainers do exist. They excel at unraveling the underlying cause of your cat’s behavior, and they can guide you in establishing a proper program of safe training.

Never give up and accept bad behavior. It’s unfair to you and your cat if you’re struggling to find a safe way to redirect your cat, turn to the experts. If you’re struggling to find resources, ask your vet!

No one likes putting up with bad behavior. Luckily, most of the time, those unwanted discipline problems clear up with a little work. Take a quick look through the house and make sure you are not part of the problem. Then, focus on the good things your cat’s doing. Slowly, over time, your cat will fall in line. And don’t forget to ask for the vet’s or other expert’s assistance when it’s needed. You’ve got this!

Editors' Recommendations

Andria Kennedy
Former Digital Trends Contributor
Andria's work has appeared in and the Bidwell Hollow Literary Newsletter. When she's not writing about pets…
This is why cats pee on clothes (and how you can save your wardrobe in the future)
Why your cat is displaying this nasty behavior and what to do next
A long-haired cat in a woven laundry basket

Cats have many reputations — for plotting your demise (probably not), destroying the holiday trees (fair), and night owl behavior (they can't help themselves). However, cats are also known for being good about using the correct facility. Their instinct to go in one gives kitties a point over dogs, which are generally more difficult to housebreak in cat lovers' books.

Yet, your cat is suddenly peeing on your clothes.
"Why does my cat pee on my clothes?" you ask. That's a good question, and the answer is critical to uncover. Here's why: Peeing outside of the litter box is a sign that something is up, especially if the cat usually uses one like a pro. So, what's up with kitty when they're peeing on your laundry? They're not trying to spite you, but instead, to send you a rather gross but important message. Here's what a cat is saying when they choose your favorite shirt over their box.

Read more
Why do cats’ eyes dilate? What your pet’s extra big peepers mean
Your cat might have big eyes because of darkness, excitement, or surprise
A cat snuggling on a person's chest

Sometimes you come home to a dark house, and through the pitch black of your living room, you spy two big round orbs. While it might look Halloweeny at first glance, this is actually just how your cat sees things. Cat's eyes seem to glow at night because they reflect light, a lot more than ours do in any case. Just as with other animals, you will see a kitty's eyes dilate, but what is your cat's pupils meaning? We'll walk through what your pet's eyes tell you about their feelings and physical state and when you need to step in and get your cat to a vet.
What does it mean when cats' pupils get big?

Big eyes on your cat could mean a few different things, some physical and some emotional. Rarely, you may find that your cat has a larger issue since occasionally dilated pupils can be medical in nature (we'll go into this more later). Fortunately, it generally doesn't have to do with any underlying condition and instead has everything to do with the current situation. Here are some reasons your cat might have extra large peepers.
They're hunting
Cats love to hunt and frequently do so at dawn and dusk — both inside your home and out of it. Your pet might not literally be hunting for prey, but they could still enjoy stalking their toys or food. When they're in hunting mode, you may see extra big eyeballs staring at the object of their interest.
It's dark outside
When you spend time in a dark room or outside at night, you'll almost certainly notice your own pupils get bigger. That's because our eyes open up to let in more light and allow us to see better. It's the same with your cat but theirs tend to stand out a bit more in part because of the prior mentioned reflectivity.
Something surprised them
If you've ever heard of eyes widening with surprise, this is what we're talking about. From a physical perspective, your globes are attempting to take in everything as quickly as possible, because this surprise could mean a bad thing. A wild cat could get startled by a predator for example and need that info to find a way to safety.
They feel anxious
You may discover that your cat has eyes that seem to dilate under certain conditions or more frequently than usual. It might mean they're experiencing some anxiety and want to destress. Ensure there is somewhere in your house where they feel secure and that the day-to-day routine suits their needs.
They're aggressive
Sometimes you might see your cat's eyes turn to slits before they get into a fight with another cat because narrowing the opening can help them protect their sensitive ocular region. On the other hand, having wide-open eyes gives your feline more information about their opponent. Pay attention to other signs of aggression, which will help you determine if this is causing the widening.
When do dilated pupils indicate a medical issue?

Read more
These useful tips can help you support your senior cat’s health
You'll have to pay special attention as your kitty gets older
Senior cat sleeping on a cat tree perch

If you're fortunate, you'll get to watch your cat age and progress through her senior years. But senior cats have different health needs than younger ones do, so the way you care for your aging cat will need to change in different ways, as well.
With certain health conditions becoming more likely in older kitties, staying on top of your cat's wellness becomes extra important. This may mean some additional time and vigilance, as well as more frequent trips to the vet. When you provide your pet with top-quality care, you can support her health and comfort as she moves through her golden years.

At what age is a cat a senior?

Read more