Skip to main content

Is it cruel to crate-train a German shepherd?

A member of the herding group, German shepherds are known for their keen intellect, courage, loyalty, and eagerness to please. German shepherds are one of the most popular breeds in the world, and they can often be found employed as service dogs and working alongside law enforcement. When they’re not hard at work, these clever pups are often found romping through the yard with children. Despite their large, intimidating size, shepherds make wonderful family dogs as long as they’re trained properly. Crates are popular training tools, but is it cruel to crate-train such an active dog? We’ll tell you everything you need to know.

A German Shepherd lying in a pen.
Image used with permission by copyright holder

How long does it take to crate-train a German shepherd? 

As one of the world’s most intelligent breeds, German shepherds have the ability to learn new tricks with very few repetitions. With that being said, crate-training a dog usually takes longer than teaching him how to sit or stay. But there’s some good news: because they’re so smart, German shepherds can be fully crate-trained in about a month as long as you work with your dog consistently. 

As a general rule, puppies should be left in a crate for one hour per month of age, but they should never be kept in a crate for longer than four hours at a time. Puppies have small bladders, and the last thing you want is to inadvertently teach your pup that he’s supposed to do his business in his crate. By the time your pup is six months old, he should be able to sleep in his crate overnight without having any accidents.

Crate-training tips

Whether you have a young puppy or an older dog, crate training requires time and patience. We’ve rounded up a few tips to make the training process easier for you and your dog. 

#1: Buy the right size crate for your dog

Crate training begins with choosing the best crate size for your dog. You may want to purchase a crate large enough to accommodate his adult size

#2: Start off slowly

If your dog has never spent time in a crate before, easing her into it is the best way to go. Leave the crate open in a room where you spend plenty of time. Your pup may wander into the crate without being told to do so. 

#3: Make the crate feel homey

Once your dog is used to the crate’s presence, place a blanket, dog bed, water bowl, and a few favorite toys inside to make the crate more attractive to your dog. Now you can try closing the door and leaving your pup in his crate. 

#4: Ignore her protests

Some dogs may bark or whine, but you shouldn’t let your pup out until she quiets down. If you open the door the instant your pup whimpers, you’ll teach her that crying means she’ll be let out of the crate. Unless your dog is genuinely in distress, you shouldn’t remove her from his crate when she cries.

A German Shepherd sits inside a metal enclosure.
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Are German shepherds hard to crate train? 

While crate training a German shepherd puppy may seem easier than training an adult dog, studies show that sometimes the reverse is true. Older dogs are more mature and have longer attention spans than young puppies, so don’t worry if you’ve adopted an older dog. According to the American Kennel Club, “Crate training is an invaluable tool for facilitating housetraining, which almost all GSDs take to quickly and easily. In fact, many GSD owners will find that this is one of the easiest breeds to housetrain, as long as constant supervision and consistency are required.” 

German shepherds are remarkably intelligent dogs, which makes the training process much easier than it otherwise could be. However, remember that all dogs learn at their own pace. Your pup may take longer to crate-train than your friend’s German shepherd. And, if you’ve adopted an older dog, you may have to help her unlearn prior behaviors before you can successfully crate train her.  

Where should your German shepherd puppy sleep?

While some people believe crate training any dog is cruel, that’s not necessarily true. Crate training should never be used as a punishment or a substitute for spending time with your dog, but there’s nothing wrong with crate training a dog as long as you do it correctly. According to the professionals, your German shepherd puppy should sleep indoors in a crate. Not only does crating your dog at night make housebreaking easier, but it also keeps your dog safe. Puppies, especially German shepherd puppies, explore the world with their noses, which can lead them to mischief. If your pup is sleeping soundly in a crate, he won’t be able to chew your shoes, furniture, or garbage while you sleep. 

A long-haired German Shepherd sits in a kennel.
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Crate training is one of the most controversial topics amongst dog owners, but research shows that crating your dog can help her feel safe and secure. Make sure your dog’s crate isn’t sitting near a hot window or near a drafty spot, always keep water in the crate, and remember that crating your dog should never be used as punishment. With time and patience, your German shepherd will come to view her crate as her den, and she might even choose to spend time there on her own.

Editors' Recommendations

Mary Johnson
Mary Johnson is a writer and photographer from New Orleans, Louisiana. Her work has been published in PawTracks and…
Why do dogs sleep under the covers? It all comes down to nature
Does your dog enjoy burrowing under the blankets? This could be why
A woman wearing a sleep mask over her eyes snuggles a Pug with his tongue out in bed

If you've ever tossed and turned all night, you know it's frustrating. Finally, finding the perfect sleeping position feels oh-so-good. Both humans and their furry friends can appreciate the bliss of discovering a comfy spot beneath the blankets, though it might not seem as normal for your pup’s sleeping routine. So, why do dogs sleep under the covers?
The reasons behind this adorable behavior may not surprise you, and they’re just as cute as you’d expect. Be careful while you read, though, or you may convince yourself to share your bed more often. Your dog will certainly get behind the idea of sharing a bed, but you might have to get used to having a lot less space while you sleep.

Why do dogs sleep under the covers? Here's what experts say
You like to believe that your fur baby gets under the blankets just to get closer to you … and you may be partially right. Because dogs are pack animals, feeling the touch of a family member while sleeping can be the ultimate form of comfort and warmth. Your presence lets them know they’re protected and part of the pack, even if they only snuggle up when they feel anxious. This may feel especially comforting for pups who grew up with their siblings — just think about puppy piles.
Snuggling under the covers has instinctual roots, too. Not long ago, dogs and wolves were born, raised, and sheltered in dens or caves, so it’s easy to see why your pup might feel cozy in a small space of their own.
Canine behaviorist Clarissa Fallis explains that certain breeds might be even more likely to burrow. Small hunting breeds like dachshunds and beagles "tend to mimic their innate behavior of flushing out small animals from tunnels by burrowing." She goes on to explain, "Larger burrowers, like huskies, live in extreme temperatures that make the instinct to burrow under the snow crucial for staying warm."
Whether your fur baby is actually cold, anxious, or just used to a routine of denning behavior, burrowing is generally not a cause for concern. Of course, there are a few safety precautions you can take to make it the best experience possible.

Read more
Should you continue to practice dog obedience training? Yes – here are 5 reasons why
Why you should keep up with your dog's obedience training
Yorkshire terrier dog paw training outdoors

Whether you're a newbie dog owner or a seasoned member of the pack, you've probably heard about the importance of obedience training for dogs. Still, there are some misconceptions about dog obedience training and how to tell whether your pup would benefit from it. We'll give you a hint: Any dog can use a training refresher!
If you need a little more convincing, though — these are five important reasons why you should continue obedience training with your dog. Even if they already know their basic commands, there's a lot you both can learn. Luckily, you can start right here!

1. One of the first steps to raising a sociable dog is obedience training
Whether you're bringing home a new puppy, adopting from the shelter, or giving your old friend a refresher, you'll almost always end up with a more polite dog after their obedience training. At the very least, you'll be able to show them how to be polite! When a pup can respond to commands like "down" or "wait," you'll be able to avoid many unexpected encounters. After all, not everyone you meet will love a dog jumping on them.

Read more
What to do when dog obedience training stalls
These tips may help you and your pet tackle dog obedience training regression
A woman training a dog

Signing up for dog obedience training is one of the first orders of business after you bring your new addition home. Your pup may have started strong and even graduated with flying colors. They sat, stayed, and came running to you like they were on the fast track for the Westminster Dog Show. Even better, they were housebroken — no more accidents to clean. Having a well-trained dog keeps your pup safe and you less stressed. 
What happens if, all of a sudden, that goes out the window? Perhaps your dog is still in training but suddenly stops following commands or struggles to progress to the latest lessons. Your pet may also have post-dog obedience training regression days or even years after graduating. 
It can be highly troubling for dog parents, who want the best for their pets and kitchen floors. Here’s how to get Fido back on track with training. 

Reasons dog obedience training stalls
Figuring out what triggered the slowdown or regression in training is essential in mapping out appropriate next steps. There are many reasons your dog may not be taking to training anymore.

Read more