Skip to main content

How often should you feed a puppy?

Congratulations on your new puppy! With a healthy start and proper nutrition, your four-legged fur baby will grow into the happy and strong life companion you’ve always wanted. Good eating habits depend on your dog’s age and change as your puppy grows. This guideline helps you establish a puppy feeding schedule to make sure your pooch gets the nutrition they need from day one.

puppy food
Natali Zakharova/Shutterstock

First six to eight weeks

The first six to eight weeks of your puppy’s life are crucial to ensure they get the antibodies that protect them from unwanted diseases. During this time period, the best source of nutrition for your baby puppy is their mother’s milk. Just like human babies, puppies should be allowed to nurse on demand to keep them strong.

If your puppy’s mother suffers from eclampsia or mastitis, they may not be able to breastfeed their puppies. In this type of situation, you need to provide your puppy formula in a bottle. These milk replacers contain all the nutrition your puppy needs and are available at all major pet stores. 

From eight weeks to six months

After the first few weeks of life, your pup is ready to wean to solid food. This is a gradual process that takes two to three weeks to complete. Talk to your vet and select a high-calorie puppy food that meets their dietary needs. 

Woman buying dog food
VLG/Getty Images

Once you’re ready to start weaning, introduce the puppy food by mixing it with formula. Blend your dog’s new food with the milk replacer and offer the gruel three to four times a day. If your puppy takes it well, you can slowly reduce the amount of milk until you eliminate it altogether.

This gentle process ensures that your puppy doesn’t suffer from an upset stomach and adapts to solid food. It also starts to get your pooch on a regular feeding schedule, which is important for housetraining and their development.

Keeping in mind that every puppy has a different metabolism and energy levels, these are the basic feeding guidelines for puppies under six months old:

  • Toy breeds usually eat four to six meals per day.
  • Medium-sized puppies need three meals every day.
  • Large breed puppies require three to four meals per day.

From six to 12 months

By the time your puppy hits six months of age, they’re more mature and grow less rapidly. This means that their bodies need less frequent feedings and can graduate to two meals per day. Keeping similar portions to what your puppy was eating before, simply eliminate other meals and limit them to one morning and one evening feeding. Doing so helps prevent excessive weight gain and other health concerns. 

After your puppy is one year old

Around their first birthday, many puppies are considered adult dogs. Of course, they’ll always be your baby but their nutritional needs change at this point and it may be time to switch them to adult food. Consult with your dog’s vet to make sure they’ve reached maturity, because larger breeds may take up to two years to fully develop into adult dogs. In general, these are the maturity patterns of different breeds:

  • Small breeds up to 30 pounds mature between 10 and 12 months of age.
  • Medium breeds up to 80 pounds reach maturity between 12 and 16 months.
  • Large breeds that weigh over 80 pounds may not reach maturity until they’re two years old.

Once your vet determines that your pooch has reached maturity, switching to adult food should also be a gradual process. Start by adding small amounts of adult food to their puppy food, and gradually increase the proportion of adult food until you’ve made a full transition. This process should take one to two weeks to avoid upset tummies.

Other things to consider

dog eating out of dog food bowl
Kabo/Unsplash

Foods to avoid: Paying close attention to the ingredients in your dog’s food helps avoid corn or meat by-products. For best results, look for brands with meat as their first ingredient.

How not to overfeed: Free feeding your dog often leads to weight problems and health complications. If your vet determines that your dog is overweight, limit your dog’s intake and adjust their diet as recommended by the doctor. Sticking to a schedule helps avoid overfeeding and keeps your dog regular.

Considering fresh food: Many dog parents prefer fresh dog food over kibble or processed wet food. Whether you make natural dog food at home or buy it from a store, remember that puppies have different nutritional needs so make sure you’re feeding your pup the right food for their age.  

Learning how much to feed a puppy is a matter of experience and your dog’s individual needs. By providing your pup with an age-appropriate diet and a feeding schedule, you can keep them healthy and strong. Good eating habits are key to preventing future health complications so you and your furry friend can enjoy each other’s company and a lifetime of love.

Editors' Recommendations

Can dogs eat mango? Read this first
Find out if this tropical fruit is safe for your pup
A dog in the kitchen looking up at woman drinking coffee

As humans, we love to share with our dogs. Perhaps your pet snuggles up to you in bed, sharing — or stealing — your blankets. Sharing experiences, like holiday activities, can also be a fun way to bond.

Food can get dicier, though. Some human-favorite items, like chocolate, are toxic for dogs. Others make fine (and even healthy) treats. If mango is your favorite fruit, you might want to slip your pet some. Also, your dog might always be around the fruit and sneak some off your plate. Can dogs eat mango safely? Generally, the answer to this question is yes, but there are some caveats. Also, correctly serving a mango is critical. Before throwing your dog a piece of this sweet fruit, here's what to know.

Read more
Can dogs eat celery? The do’s and don’ts you should know
Your pup will probably love a veggie snack now and then
Woman chops up veggies including celery for her dog

Your dog's favorite snacks might include dog biscuits, fancy chews, or even that bacon you dropped on the floor one time, but can dogs eat celery? The truth is lots of dogs like veggies, even bland ones such as celery. While you wouldn't want this green and healthy nibble to become a staple in their diet, you can absolutely give your pup a celery snack now and then — and they might grow to love it.

Can dogs have raw celery?
As omnivores, our pet dogs need a balanced diet of both meat and plants. That's likely because their domestic history made them into scavengers thousands of years ago when our ancestors were still in the hunter-gatherer phase. In modern times, this diet preference has huge benefits because you can throw in some healthful treats that will give your pup a nutrition boost and keep them full.

Read more
Seizures in dogs can be scary – this is what you need to do
How to help your dog if they have a seizure
Australian shepherd by brick wall

Witnessing a seizure can be jarring, especially if you never have before. You may feel scared and helpless if the person is a stranger at a restaurant or a friend or family member. What if that friend or family member is of the furry variety? The experience can take on new layers — you're supposed to care for and help a dog, but you have no idea what to do.

Your best bet is to call the vet if your dog has never had a seizure. Should the veterinarian's office be closed, an emergency hospital is equipped to handle seizures in dogs. If your dog is prone to seizures, your vet likely gave you instructions on what to do — follow them. However, perhaps you're in the lobby waiting for answers, trying to make sense of what happened. Alternatively, maybe you're a pet parent-to-be who wants to be prepared for anything and everything. This guide to seizures in dogs can help.

Read more