Skip to main content

PawTracks may earn a commission when you buy through links on our site.

What are the 7 breed groups and where does my dog fit in? Find out what your pup is known for

The American Kennel Club dog groups and the breeds that fit in them

We know dogs came to us from wild canines (likely wolves or jackals) and probably domesticated themselves rather than the other way around. In the process, different types of pups came about, possibly splitting into groups more than 5,000 years ago! To categorize all these beasties, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has a list of recognized breeds, each of which fits into one of the seven groups. We’ll walk you through the breed groups so you can determine where your pooch fits best.

A group of dogs sit on the sidewalk during their walk

What are breed groups?

Like any other classification system, these categories came about to help determine where each animal goes due to specific characteristics. In this case, breeds are placed together based on the original job they were bred to do. That means if you went back in time to your dog’s ancestors, you would see them performing a job and being bred to do it well. Now, certain breeds continue to have similar dispositions as a result.

A person sits next to a dog by the water

How many types of breeds are there?

There are seven major groups but 200 breeds. Remember, a dog must be purebred to fit into this classification — your pug-husky-Lab mix doesn’t count. An important note is that all these dogs are one species, Canis lupus familiaris, and they can interbreed with each other, but they also vary considerably. After all, look at the difference between the smallest dog, the Chihuahua, and one of the largest, the English Mastiff, which can weigh 230 pounds. That’s why the AKC has created this system to group breeds together that have common history, ancestry, or characteristics.

Five dogs sit on a log outside

What are the 7 major groups of dog breeds and how do they differ?

Sporting Group

These hardworking beasts were bred to help hunters, especially by retrieving animals from the water. You probably didn’t realize that America’s favorite dog, the Labrador retriever, belongs to this group. In modern times, your sporting pup likely loves long walks and playing in the water (though many are still used for hunting, too). Only get one of these dogs if you have the space and energy to keep them occupied and well exercised.

A dachshund lying on a person with a plaid shirt

Hound Group

The Hound Group works a bit differently since these dogs were trained to do the hunting themselves. You’ll recognize the speedy greyhound and squat dachshund from this set. You also find the bay dogs in this lot, meaning many make a loud sound to attract hunters and keep the game “at bay.” Today, this can be a noisy bunch, and you need to be ready to take on a dog capable of producing it.

Working Group

Perhaps the most self-explanatory, this pack consists of dogs that… work. They could pull a sled or guard a home, but they’re never off the clock. Some workers include the malamute, Great Dane, and Newfoundland. You’ll notice that most of these canines are big, and we mean really big, sometimes larger than the average human. Therefore, they should never live in apartments and they need adequate training to mix with families safely. But despite their large size, many workers become great companions.

A bull terrier lies upside down, close to the camera, with their tongue out

Terrier Group

This is an easy one, though there might be a few breeds here that you don’t expect. Terriers get their own special classification and were designed to hunt rodents. Oddly enough, most pit bulls go with this crew if they’re an American Staffordshire terrier or bull terrier. This group is full of big personalities, and some terriers can’t live with other dogs. But after a bit of training, you’ll never find a more devoted companion.

Toy Group

Get ready for cuteness overload. Unlike the other breeds, most toy dogs weren’t meant to have a job, or more accurately, they have the most important one: taking care of you! Chihuahuas, shih tzus, and pugs fit into this category. While you can find small Fidos in any group, members of this class will particularly enjoy living in a city or apartment.

A Pembroke Welsh corgi stands on an outdoor path

Herding Group

You may be surprised to learn that this is the most recent group that has only been around for about 40 years. All the dogs in this selection herd something, maybe sheep or cattle or even you. Corgis and German shepherds go here along with more traditional collies. Since they’re accustomed to long days out in the field with the livestock, your herder will need a ton of exercise. Only commit to one of these puppers if you can go on long daily walks and include playtime.

Non-Sporting Group

The last one is a bit of a non-specific, catch-all group that features Dalmatians and poodles. While you’ll find a wide variety here, they were all bred to do something; it’s just not necessarily a task that fits nicely into the other categories. Popular pups like bulldogs and Shiba Inus along with other more rare types, such as the unique Xolo (Mexican hairless dog), all belong here.

A small beige dog mutt sleeps curled up on the ground

On top of this list, the AKC tracks other non-recognized dogs as part of its Foundation Stock Service breeds and its Miscellaneous Class. Additionally, it now welcomes mutts in the AKC Canine Partners Program that lets all buddies compete in activities. So where does your pet fit in? If you don’t know their breed background, consider doing a genetic test or asking an expert (like your vet) to start. Then you can look at the various groups their parents or grandparents were a part of and see if any of it jumps out at you.

Editors' Recommendations

Rebekkah Adams
Rebekkah’s been a writer and editor for more than 10 years, both in print and digital. In addition to writing about pets…
Why does my dog have the zoomies? Your pet’s crazy behavior, explained
The zoomies: Why dogs get them and if you should try to stop them
A white dog running

You’re just chilling in your home or backyard with your dog. Suddenly, they book it and start running around in circles. You would think they were trying out for the Kentucky Derby — that’s how fast they’re attempting to move — except they’re not a horse. The problem? You can’t figure out what’s going on or why they’re displaying this behavior. It can feel jolting and alarming for a first-time pet parent or one whose previous dogs never acted this way.

Your dog may have a case of the zoomies. The word sounds silly. However, it’s a real-deal dog behavior. Why do the dog zoomies happen? Should you be concerned? Here’s what to know about this often-seen, little-talked-about doggie phenomenon.
What are the zoomies, and what causes them?
Zoomies is a term used to describe a natural dog behavior that occurs when dogs get a sudden burst of energy. To get that energy out, the dogs dash around in circles (or figure eights) as if they’re doing laps around a racetrack. It’s like the Tasmanian Devil mixed with Allyson Felix.

Read more
Sorry Labs, you’re no longer America’s favorite dog (here’s what replaced them)
The French bulldog is now America's favorite pure breed
A French bulldog holds a leash in their mouth while standing in the grass

Every year, the American Kennel Club (AKC) releases a list of the most popular breeds in America. For 31 times in a row, the Labrador retriever stubbornly held onto the number one spot, like a dog with a chew toy. However, this breed has finally been ousted and slipped to number two while the adorable French bulldog secured the top. The 2022 most popular dog breeds shook things up, but why has this changed?

Why are Frenchies so popular?
The Lab continued to reign as number one for so long, likely because this breed is known for being friendly and versatile. What better pooch for a family? But as people, especially younger adults, continue to flock to cities, big family-oriented dogs might become less popular (though we should note that the top 10 still includes many large dogs).

Read more
Does your cat say ‘meow,’ ‘miau,’ or ‘mjau?’ Here’s how we translate cat and dog language into human around the world
Wondering what your dog or cat would say if you spoke a different tongue? Here's how we interpret our pets
A cat and dog hang out together outside on cobblestones

Your pet might only speak one language, but they can learn any human tongue. They probably know their name at a bare minimum and some dogs can learn up to 1,000 words (even cats can learn a few basic commands, whether they choose to do so is a different story).
But how do we decide what they're saying to us? Countries around the world have different ways of writing barks and meows based on how they hear the sounds. We take a look at the art of translating pet language into human.

What do you call 'bark' and 'meow' in other languages?
If you were in Italy, your dog would say "bau, bau," in France, it's "oaf oaf," and in Portugal, they go "au au." Despite all being in one small area of the globe, each of these languages hears our pets differently. In fact, Word Tips, which researched the subject extensively, figured out what terms people use in the 147 most-spoken languages in the world. It found that there are at least 40 different ways that we write out a dog’s bark. On the flip side, while the exact combination of vowels varies a lot, most cats speak words that begin with the sound in the letter "M."
How do we interpret our pets?
When you actually look at the map that Word Tips put together, you might find some pretty big differences. That's because nearly all these expressions are onomatopoeias, meaning we're trying to put letters to the sounds we're actually hearing. When you add in that languages have different rules, you get vastly different spellings and verbalized words to describe our animals, according to Anthea Fraser Gupta, who has researched the topic. But we're all hearing (at least close to) the same sound, so you'll spot a few similarities, too.

Read more